Bundelkhand region is a unique land mass spread over vast geographical area in the Central India. The semi-arid plateau of Bundelkhand includes 12 districts of northern Madhya Pradesh and 5 districts of southern Uttar Pradesh. The area is highly drought prone and backward. To fulfill potable, irrigation and household needs, the past rulers of the region had constructed a number of water harvesting units in the form of Tals or tanks or wetlands. Besides fulfilling requirements of peripheral farmers for irrigation of cereal and horticulture crops, drinking and bathing requirements of cattle herds, some of the Tals are used for fishery purpose. Betel-leaf farming is also in vogue in some patches. Undulating pieces of land in the periphery of the wetlands are suitable for betel leaf farming, hence this is another important activity in the region and betel orchard owner are other major stakeholders of the wetland water.
Exploratory survey and studies on tals or wetlands of Bundelkhand region were conducted by Allahabad Regional Centre of CIFRI during the year 2010-12. The dual objectives of the study were to assess the status of water availability and fishery in the tals and to enhance fish production from suitable ones.